Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects many women during their reproductive years. Ultrasound scan is commonly used as an initial and valuable diagnostic tool used to detect the presence of polycystic ovaries, while blood tests help assess hormone levels and further evaluate the condition.

Remember, early diagnosis and management of polycystic ovary syndrome can help improve symptoms and prevent potential complications.

If you have any concerns regarding polycystic ovaries, an ultrasound scan can be the first step towards diagnosis. 

A PCOS ultrasound scan provides important information about the size, shape, and appearance of the ovaries. It helps identify the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries, which is one of the key diagnostic criteria for PCOS. Additionally, the scan can help rule out other potential causes of similar symptoms like malignancy.

A blood test for PCOS is essential as it helps evaluate hormonal levels. PCOS is associated with hormonal imbalances, such as elevated levels of androgens (male hormones) and insulin resistance. Blood tests can measure hormone levels like testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and insulin. Abnormal levels of these hormones can indicate PCOS.

In a PCOS blood test, various hormones may be measured, including testosterone, LH, FSH, and insulin. Elevated levels of testosterone and LH, along with a low FSH-to-LH ratio, are commonly seen in PCOS.

Yes, both an ultrasound scan and blood test are valuable diagnostic tools, but they are typically used together to confirm PCOS. The ultrasound scan helps visualize the characteristic ovarian cysts, while the blood test assesses hormonal levels associated with PCOS. Combining the findings from both tests, along with an evaluation of clinical symptoms, helps in making an accurate diagnosis of PCOS.