Echocardiogram (Cardiac Ultrasound)


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Echocardiograms, also known as cardiac ultrasounds, are valuable diagnostic tools used to assess the structure and function of the heart. They can help diagnose a wide range of cardiac conditions, including:

  1. Heart Valve Disorders: Echocardiograms can detect abnormalities in the heart valves, such as stenosis (narrowing), regurgitation (leakage), or prolapse. These conditions can affect the flow of blood through the heart and may lead to symptoms like chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue.

  2. Cardiomyopathies: Echocardiography can identify abnormalities in the heart muscle, including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (thickening of the heart muscle), dilated cardiomyopathy (enlargement of the heart chambers), and restrictive cardiomyopathy (stiffening of the heart muscle). These conditions can impair the heart’s ability to pump blood effectively and may result in heart failure.

  3. Congenital Heart Defects: Echocardiograms are essential for diagnosing congenital heart defects, which are structural abnormalities present at birth. These defects can affect the heart’s chambers, valves, or blood vessels and may vary in severity from mild to life-threatening.

  4. Pericardial Diseases: Echocardiography can detect abnormalities in the pericardium, the sac surrounding the heart. Conditions such as pericarditis (inflammation of the pericardium) or pericardial effusion (accumulation of fluid around the heart) can be diagnosed using echocardiograms.

  5. Cardiac Tumors: Echocardiography can identify tumors or masses within the heart, including benign tumors like myxomas or malignant tumors like sarcomas. These tumors may affect the heart’s function and may require further evaluation and treatment.

  6. Aortic Aneurysms and Dissections: Echocardiograms can visualize the aorta, the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the body. They can detect abnormalities such as aortic aneurysms (enlargement of the aorta) or aortic dissections (tears in the aortic wall), which can be life-threatening if not promptly diagnosed and managed.

Overall, echocardiograms play a crucial role in diagnosing and evaluating various cardiac conditions, guiding treatment decisions, and monitoring patients with heart disease. They provide detailed and real-time images of the heart’s structure and function, helping healthcare providers deliver optimal care to patients with cardiac disorders.

There might be valvular leakage ( regurgitation) or abnormal pumping function of the heart.

In some cases, we will recommend you have a relevant blood test.

  • Take your relevant medical history
  • Investigate your  Heart muscle, valves, and  surround layers  with an Ultrasound
  • Explain all findings during and after your  scan
  • Write an official scan report after or within 24 hrs, with appropriate images included in the report
  • Recommend a follow-up echocardiogram if necessary
  • Offer GP or specialist referral and a Blood Test if needed

There is no preparation for echocardiogram.

You will receive your results verbally during your scan. Besides, the practitioner will examine the relevant images and prepare a written report after your scan or within 24 hours with any recommended actions so you can discuss the findings with your doctor if required.

Our doctor will explain the procedure before your scan. You will be guided to lie down on your left on the examination couch. A small amount of water-based gel will be applied to your chest. Our specialist will move the probe on your skin to produce diagnostic images. You will not feel any discomfort during your scan. An echocardiogram is regularly completed within 30 minutes.

There are no risks, side effects, or radiation associated with an echocardiogram. It is pretty safe during pregnancy.