Kidney and Urinary Tract Q&A

You can eat and drink normally on the day of your ultrasound unless your healthcare practitioner tells you otherwise. If your practitioner requests a post-void of your bladder, you must drink 30 ounces of water an hour before the test and wait until after the ultrasound to use the restroom.

For the right kidney, have the patient lie supine and place the probe in the right lower intercostal space in the midaxillary line. Use the liver as your “acoustic window” and aim the probe slightly posteriorly (toward the kidney). Gently rock the probe (up and down or side to side) to scan the entire kidney.

Your doctor may perform the following tests to identify kidney failure: Ultrasound of the kidneys: This imaging examination, which uses high-frequency sound waves to view the kidneys in real time, is frequently the first test performed to evaluate the kidneys.

Other tests may be conducted to determine the extent of your kidney injury. An ultrasound scan, MRI scan, or CT scan may be used to examine the kidneys and determine whether any blockages exist.

Before your ultrasound, don't urinate (pee). It will be easier to see your uterus and ovaries if you have a full bladder. You may need a transvaginal ultrasound after your pelvic ultrasound if you need close-up pictures of the lining of your uterus and your ovaries.

The exam will not need you to undress. It will be necessary for you to lie down. Your shirt is then pulled up to reveal your abdomen, and towels are used to keep the ultrasound gel from staining your clothes. Ultrasound gel is a water-based product that is safe to use on the skin and clothing.

You may notice the following symptoms as your kidney disease advances. Nausea and vomiting, muscle cramps, lack of appetite, swelling in the feet and ankles, dry, itchy skin, shortness of breath, difficulty sleeping, and urinating too much or too little are some of the symptoms that people experience.

If your doctor suspects a problem with your kidneys, he or she may use an ultrasound to examine them. An ultrasound of your kidneys may reveal: An abnormality in the size or shape of your kidneys. Your kidneys' blood flow.

Alcohol, milk, and cream (powdered or liquid) are not permitted. - Drinking water. Only salt, sugar, or sugar substitutes are used for seasoning. You'll need a full bladder to do this.

When a patient has recurring UTIs, an ultrasound can be used to identify whether the UTI is simple or complicated. Both are caused by bacteria, but complicated UTIs are linked to health issues that make the patient more vulnerable.

A normal adult kidney is roughly 11 1.0 cm length (7–12), with a normal capacity of 110 to 190 ml in men and 90 to 150 ml in women, according to current literature reference figures derived primarily from ultrasound studies (16).

A normal kidney's strain elastography. In relation to the overall elastography image, red denotes soft areas and blue denotes hard parts. The medulla is softer than the cortex, as you can see. To the left of the image is a color bar with the letters 'S' and 'H' denoting soft and hard tissue, respectively.

An ultrasound of the kidneys is a quick and painless treatment. It takes approximately 20 to 30 minutes to complete and includes the following steps: You'll be asked to take off your clothes and jewelry and change into a hospital gown when you arrive for your ultrasound.

Because the waves pass through benign cysts in the kidneys and do not bounce back, they look as black spots on an ultrasound. Any light or dark spots found by an imaging scan can be explained to you by your doctor.

  • High blood pressure.
  • Swelling in your hands or feet.
  • Urinary tract infections.
  • Protein in your urine.
  • Blood in your urine (also called hematuria)
  • Kidney damage that shows up in an ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, or kidney biopsy.

Stage 1 (GFR > 90 mL/min) with normal or high GFR
Mild CKD (GFR 60-89 mL/min) is stage 2.
Stage three (A) Moderate Chronic Kidney Disease (GFR = 45-59 mL/min)
Moderate CKD (GFR = 30-44 mL/min) in Stage 3B
Severe CKD (GFR = 15-29 mL/min) in Stage 4
End-stage CKD (GFR 15 mL/min) Stage 5

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has no cure, but treatment can help relieve symptoms and prevent it from worsening. The treatment you receive will be determined on the stage of your CKD. The major therapies are lifestyle adjustments, which will help you maintain your health as much as possible.

It is vital for you to have a highly full bladder for the scan to be successful. To do this, we recommend that you drink at least two pints of water around an hour before your visit and then refrain from emptying your bladder.

Eight hours before the exam, you must not eat or drink anything. It's fine to drink water and take medication. If a pelvic ultrasound is being performed, female patients should consume 32 ounces of water one hour before the scan. You can relieve yourself in the bathroom as long as you maintain drinking water.

At various points throughout the exam, you will be prompted to take a deep breath and hold it. This accomplishes two goals. It expands the lungs, lowering the abdominal organs lower and below the ribs, allowing for better visibility. It also prevents your inside organs from moving as you breathe.

With ultrasound scans, the scanned images show up immediately on the device's screen. This means that often the person operating the scanner can give immediate feedback - provided they're suitably qualified to interpret the images. So, most likely you'll get a verbal summary of the results immediately.

  • Chronic kidney disease. The most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease.
  • Kidney stones. Kidney stones are another common kidney problem.
  • Glomerulonephritis.
  • Polycystic kidney disease.
  • Urinary tract infections.

Two tests are performed on your kidneys: ACR (Albumin to Creatinine Ratio) and GFR (Gel to Creatinine Ratio) (glomerular filtration rate). A blood test is used to determine GFR, which is a measure of renal function. Your GFR will identify which of the five stages of kidney disease you have. Know where you are in the process.

Adults: Eat or drink nothing for eight hours before the exam.

Children: Eat or drink nothing for four hours before studying, or skip one meal. With a little sip of water, take your meds. Please take your insulin if you have diabetes.

You'll probably be asked to produce a urine sample to test for bacteria, blood, or pus in your urine to confirm that you have a kidney infection. Your doctor may also take a blood sample for a culture, which is a lab test that examines your blood for bacteria or other organisms.

A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract and cause illness. UTIs are most commonly caused by bacteria, while fungi can infect the urinary system on rare occasions. Most UTIs are caused by E. coli bacteria, which grow in the bowel.

Due to the bigger size of the liver on the right side of the body, the left kidney is slightly superior than the right kidney. The kidneys, unlike the other abdominal organs, are retroperitoneal organs because they lie behind the peritoneum that lines the abdominal cavity.

The inclusion of a third color, commonly green or yellow, to indicate places of high flow turbulence is common. These colors are user-definable and can be reversed, but this is generally not recommended because it may cause confusion for later viewers of the images.

For example, most sound waves travel directly through a fluid-filled cyst and return only a few or faint echoes, making the cyst seem black on the monitor. The waves, on the other hand, will bounce off a solid tumor, creating an echoes pattern that the computer will display as a lighter-colored image.

Kidney discomfort is deeper and higher up the spine than back pain, which commonly originates in the lower back. On each side of the spine, the kidneys are located beneath the ribcage. Kidney pain might be felt on the sides or in the middle to upper back (most often under the ribs, to the right or left of the spine).

  • Dizziness and Fatigue are two warning signs that you may be suffering from kidney failure. The feeling of overall weakness in yourself and your overall health is one of the first possible symptoms of weakened kidneys.
  • Edema (swelling)
  • Urination patterns change.

  • Pain medications also known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
  • Cholesterol medications (statins)
  • Antibiotic medications.
  • Diabetes medications.
  • Antacids.
  • Herbal supplements and vitamins.
  • Contrast dye.

Kidney failure is most commonly caused by high blood pressure and diabetes. They can also be harmed as a result of physical trauma, illnesses, or other conditions.

A normal kidney's strain elastography. In relation to the overall elastography image, red denotes soft areas and blue denotes hard parts. The medulla is softer than the cortex, as you can see. To the left of the image is a color bar with the letters 'S' and 'H' denoting soft and hard tissue, respectively.

Real Reviews from Google

Victoria Floyd
Victoria Floyd
15:14 22 Dec 23
Great service. Very friendly and professional. Really thorough pelvic and abdominal ultrasound, I was talked through the findings while I was there and received a report via email on the same day. Would definitely recommend.
Alexander Mignacca
Alexander Mignacca
14:19 16 Dec 23
We recently fell for an internet scam using this same businesses address but with a slightly different name. We had booked an early pregnancy scan for my wife. The staff were incredibly understanding and helpful. Once Dr Pedram understood what had happened he even offered us a free session as we were very stressed and distraught from the whole situation. They saved the day and it all went well, a true gentleman! I couldn't recommend this studio enough, not only are they very professional but they are also lovely people.
Doris Kakoma
Doris Kakoma
19:00 12 Dec 23
My first vist as I wanted a second opinion on some NHS scans. So glad I did since the scan did show up something that had been missed. Dr was very professional but also friendly and explained in detail what was happening. Will go back for follow up. Definitely recommended.
Violetta Makeeva
Violetta Makeeva
12:57 08 Dec 23
This clinic not only offers poor-quality examinations but also provides abysmal customer service.I attended London Private Ultrasound for a pelvic ultrasound. Subsequently, during a gynaecology appointment, my gynaecologist expressed doubts about the accuracy of the provided measurements and referred me for a second ultrasound at a different clinic. The differences were alarmingly significant, with measurements of certain fibroids being twice as large in the initial report. For instance, a fibroid reported as 39mm in their scan was measured at 18mm at the other clinic.The size of fibroids determines, among other factors, whether surgery is necessary, which in my case would cost thousands of pounds as my insurance does not cover pre-existing conditions. You can find a review here where a patient had to pay £7650 for surgery based on incorrect ultrasound results from London Private Ultrasound.I initiated negotiations to obtain a refund for the subpar ultrasound. Instead, they offered me another ultrasound. So I was offered a second pointless procedure to make up for the one I've already had. I have been engaged in these negotiations for three months now. During this process, I discovered that several individuals have faced similar issues with the clinic's service. Additionally, the clinic is not affiliated with any medical scheme or alternate dispute resolution, making it difficult to seek a fair evaluation in case of problems.I strongly recommend reading negative reviews before considering this clinic for their services. Do not be swayed by positive reviews, as they may have been commissioned by the company. The company has invested heavily in appearing at the top of search results, and so that positive reviews overshadow the negative ones. However, this is merely a marketing tactic that conceals the unsatisfactory quality of their medical services and their poor customer support.P.S. I anticipate the clinic may respond by mentioning that they offered me a refund. While technically true, this only occurred after three months of discussions and various resources expended on my part. Hence now, I am also requesting compensation for the additional ultrasound. However, every time the company demands more time, effort, and resources from me than they are willing to compensate, making it impossible to reach a resolution.
Maria Tilson
Maria Tilson
23:12 07 Dec 23
Great experience! Such lovely staff; very thorough and reassuring. Thank you!
mark
mark
23:32 21 Nov 23
Wonderful Clinic!! Dr Pedram spotted issues with my liver that another ultrasound test elsewhere had missed. Thank You Doc. This shows how important it is to always get a second opinion. Hopefully we caught this early enough & this will give me a better prognosis.London Private Ultrasound offers incredible value for money and The staff are extremely kind and compassionate. Don’t hesitate to visit them is you have any concerns.
THE ONE LONDON
THE ONE LONDON
00:58 08 Nov 23
I scheduled an ultrasound for my injury and was advised during the initial scan to set up another appointment with a different doctor on Sunday for further guidance on treating my injury. A day before the Sunday appointment, I received a call informing me that it was being rescheduled for Monday. Upon arriving on Monday, I was seen by the same specialist who conducted the ultrasound. Surprisingly, he seemed unaware of why I needed the ultrasound and appeared rather distant. I reiterated my purpose for the ultrasound, and after conducting another examination, he explained the issue and suggested seeing yet another specialist on Sunday.This experience felt futile, almost as if the rescheduling was merely a way to charge additional fees. Despite booking another appointment for Sunday, I was informed two days prior that it was canceled - again. Disappointed by the ongoing disruptions, I requested a refund, which I was assured would be processed by Monday. However, when I called the clinic on Friday to follow up on the refund, I was told that the receptionist had not left a note to initiate the refund. It became evident that there was significant miscommunication within the clinic. I ended up being charged twice to see the same specialist due to the receptionist's oversight, and even after six days, there was no progress on my refund due to the lack of proper documentation. The overall experience was terribly frustrating.
Asher Adolphe
Asher Adolphe
18:02 17 Oct 23
Had a lymph node scan back August. The service and treatment were amazing. comfortable and able to receive good information. M.Aghaei was the person who performed my scan and was also able to help me with getting my GP to pay attention to my concerns. If I had any issues and didn’t want to wait for the NHS I would definitely come back again to receive scan or blood tests work. So happy with LPU
Burçe Uygur
Burçe Uygur
14:48 15 Oct 23
Wonderful team, fast and professional service by Dr. Pedram. Thank you!
Jasmin Michael
Jasmin Michael
15:59 14 Oct 23
Amazing service by the ultrasound team. Was seen to early as I arrived early. Was given reassurance and was provided with a report within 10 minutes of leaving. Would 100% recommend for anyone wanting a quick scan for peace of mind!I went for a second time and I will continue to be using London Sono for future scans when needed, especially for my yearly reviews. Not only is Dr Pedram extremely professional and knowledgeable, he’s patient, caring and very thorough. Couldn’t recommend them more!
Abby C
Abby C
14:55 12 Oct 23
Had an appointment with Pedram M. Aghaei who was absolutely wonderful. He was so kind, calm and respectful, explaining everything in a way I could understand and fully involving me in the process by showing me diagrams and also explaining the results on screen while the ultrasound was being performed. I was very anxious and had wound myself up before the appointment, but he was immediately very gentle and reassuring. Would definitely recommend this clinic.
M M
M M
08:58 06 Oct 23
I was seen by Pedram M. Aghaei, MD who was very kind and professional. He put me at ease and answered all my questions thoroughly and gave me helpful advice. I highly recommend this clinic as the team was friendly and put me at ease.
dani jarvis
dani jarvis
13:24 04 Oct 23
The knowledgeable and friendly specialists made my visit to the London Private Ultrasound Clinic a real pleasure. They explained everything thoroughly and gave me some very good advice. Hopefully I won’t need to have an ultrasound again, but if I do, I’ll use these guys. Thanks a mill!
darren gerald
darren gerald
08:26 25 Sep 23
Very happy with the service I received. The team were very good and explained the process from start to finish. Made me feel at ease throughout my appointment. I received some very good advice about things I could do to help myself. Altogether a very very pleasant experience. Keep up the good work guys/girls. Would 100% recommend to others.
Astrid Duque
Astrid Duque
13:05 11 Sep 23
I had an excellent experience with London Private Ultrasound. The service was top-notch, and I'm very satisfied. If I ever need this service again, I wouldn't hesitate to book with them. The team was outstanding – polite, professional, and booking was a breeze. Doctor Pedram provided a thorough explanation during the scan. I wholeheartedly recommend London Private Ultrasound to anyone in need of a quick and professional ultrasound scan.
A Nazari
A Nazari
08:01 18 Feb 23
Thank you to all the staff at the clinic. I managed to get a same day appointment with the help of a kind gentleman who answered the phone. The staff were great and Dr Pedram was fantastic. He was thorough and took the time to listen and reassure. Highly recommend🙏
Mel M
Mel M
12:35 24 Dec 22
My first visit here. Professional establishment, very quick to be seen, appointment times are kept on schedule.The staff are friendly, they explain what is going on and the whole experience was very comfortable.First time I came away from this scan without pain...highly recommend
Edda Zekarias
Edda Zekarias
10:42 18 Dec 22
The staff were very welcoming. I had a bit of a situation for which they were very flexible and quick to offer a solution. My check up was quite detailed and went very well. Really happy with the care I got.
Jluie Moffat
Jluie Moffat
09:06 05 Aug 22
I was able to book 2 scans and 2 blood tests and have them later the same day. The clinic was very efficient in the booking process, it was easy to find, clean and well appointed and the staff were friendly and efficient. Everything was well explained to me and the results were given to me on the day where possible and within the timescale projected for those I had to wait for. This was a very reassuring to have my tests so quickly and stopped a lot of worrying. The radiologist was very thorough and went the extra mile. Highly recommended service.
Daniela Dalterio
Daniela Dalterio
08:35 29 Jul 22
I was extremely pleased with my experience at London Private Ultrasound.I booked an appointment very quicklyAnd the service was first class from the point of booking to the visit.Reception staff were polite and professional, i was very anxious during my ultrasound but Dr A.N.Therani was very professional and during the whole time kept reassuring me and talking me through the examination.I received the results and report the same day.Very satisfied and definitely recommend to family and friends.
Semra Borilova
Semra Borilova
16:30 09 Jul 22
I was very satisfied! I booked appointment for early pregnancy scan. For specific price they give detailed ultrasound of the embryo, his arms, legs, and heartbeat speed and others. also they look all around very detailed ultrasonic scanning. They sent us an email with at least 30 photos, videos and a written report about the general condition and condition of the embryo. It was professional in my opinion, I was in other clinics where they don’t do anything like that and don’t consider it in detail. I can advise this place with confidence.
Fay Brooks-Hedges
Fay Brooks-Hedges
18:28 13 Jun 22
Very pleased with the service received. I was able to book an ultrasound easily on the same day, and received excellent care from the team. The whole process was explained to me and before and during the scan. Results were explained fully and in detail during and after the scan. Dr Pedro was very informative, kind and patient, and also answered all questions I had. I received the scan and report quickly, including recommendations on further action needed. Five star treatment!
CocoLexi
CocoLexi
10:43 04 May 22
Literally booked an appointment the night before and everything else from then was seamless. Was seen to quickly, spoken through every aspect of my scan and had the opportunity to speak to the doctor about next steps. I came away feeling so much better because I knew what was going on with my body. Great service and team!!!
Navid Sarmast
Navid Sarmast
19:52 03 Apr 22
I have been there a couple of times. Their staff and Dr Pedram were very caring and professional. I managed to book same day appointment with no hassle. The scan was very through and I was explained everything during the scan. I felt very relaxed and comfortable as Dr Pedram answered all my questions.The report was sent to me very shortly with all the details of my problem.I highly recommend their service to everyone.
Anthee Merichovitis
Anthee Merichovitis
12:55 01 Apr 22
Absolutely a fantastic clinic with great doctors. I highly recommend Dr. Namazi and his team.With attention to detail, they have been by our side in every test and ultrasound.
Dana Baluta
Dana Baluta
17:33 12 Mar 22
Amazing service. The appointment process was quick and efficient and the doctor took the time to explain everything in great detail. When I left the clinic I knew precisely what the next steps were. Great prices and very helpful staff.
Amit Amlani
Amit Amlani
15:23 02 Mar 22
Visited the hospital today, arranged at short notice for an ultrasound.Thorough investigation undertaken and also provided a report of analysis and consultant thoroughly discussed further actions required. No hesitation in seeking advise in future.
monica lucero
monica lucero
22:18 28 Feb 22
Great service, very thorough and compassionate. Great professional expertise. Put my mind at rest, replaced anxiety with knowledge and awareness about my health problems.
debbie Parsons
debbie Parsons
12:50 18 Jan 22
Great service and experience. I would recommend anyone to go. The doctor explained everything to me and was very professional. Also found a new problem that I wasn't aware of. Report was back within hours definitely worth the money for peace of mind.
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