Ultrasound scans are an essential tool in diagnosing infertility in both men and women. Fertility scans can help identify the cause of infertility by visualizing reproductive organs and identifying any abnormalities that could be causing difficulty in conceiving. In this blog, we will discuss how ultrasound scans can diagnose infertility and what types of scans are used.
How to diagnose infertility using ultrasound scans?
Transvaginal ultrasound: A transvaginal ultrasound is a type of ultrasound that is used to examine the female reproductive system. During this scan, a small ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina to visualize the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. This scan can help identify any abnormalities such as ovarian cysts or fibroids that could be affecting fertility.
Pelvic ultrasound: A pelvic ultrasound is similar to a transvaginal ultrasound, but it is performed externally on the abdomen. This scan can help visualize the uterus and ovaries and identify any abnormalities that could be causing infertility.
Scrotal ultrasound: A scrotal ultrasound is a type of ultrasound that is used to examine the male reproductive system. During this scan, a small ultrasound probe is used to visualize the testicles and surrounding structures. This scan can help identify any abnormalities such as varicoceles or blockages in the vas deferens that could be affecting fertility.
Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): An HSG is a type of X-ray that is used to examine the uterus and fallopian tubes. During this test, a contrast dye is injected into the uterus, and X-ray images are taken as the dye moves through the fallopian tubes. This test can help identify any blockages or abnormalities that could be causing infertility.
Follicular monitoring: Follicular monitoring is a series of ultrasound scans that are used to track the development of follicles in the ovaries. These scans can help determine the timing of ovulation and identify any issues with egg development that could be affecting fertility.
Ultrasound scans are a valuable tool in diagnosing infertility and identifying any abnormalities that could be causing difficulty in conceiving. By using a combination of different types of scans, healthcare providers can gain a comprehensive understanding of a patient’s reproductive health and develop a treatment plan tailored to their individual needs. If you are struggling with infertility, talk to your healthcare provider about the benefits of ultrasound scans in diagnosing and treating fertility issues.